Toaster uses a nichrome heating coil and operates at 120 V. When the toaster is turned on at 20°C, the current in the cold coil is 1.5 A. When the coil warms up, the current has a value of 1.3 A. If the thermal coefficient of resistivity for nichrome is 4.5x10-4 1/Co, what is the temperature of the coil?Group of answer choices68oC490oC160oC360oC260oC
Given that the operating voltage is V = 120 V.
The initial temperature of the toaster is T1 = 20 degrees Celsius
The initial current in the coil is I1 = 1.5 A
The final current in the coil is I2 = 1.3 A
The thermal coefficient of resistivity for nichrome is
We have to find the final temperature of the coil, T2.
The initial resistance of the coil is
The final resistance of the coil is
The formula to calculate the final temperature of the coil is
Substituting the values, the final temperature will be
Thus, the final temperature is 360 degrees Celsius.
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Physics, published 10.03.2023