THE KOHLBERG DILEMMAS2. Which of the following best describes the structure of the dilemmas? A. The dilemmas are written like mini episodes or short stories, designed to make the reader emotionally invested in the dilemmas. B. The dilemmas are composed of vague hypothetical situations followed by a series of equally vague questions, designed to make the reader think about larger, abstract concepts. C. The dilemmas are composed of specific hypothetical situations and then a series questions designed to provoke the reader into analyzing and introspecting one’s morals. D. The dilemmas are structured to imitate stream-of-consciousness narrative, thus mimicking the thought process in decision-making.
C. The dilemmas are composed of specific hypothetical situations and then a series questions designed to provoke the reader into analyzing and introspecting one’s morals.
Lawrence Kohlberg is an American Psychologist known for his theories in human moral development. Kohlberg in 1958, developed some dilemmas which he used in his dissertation in the University of Chicago. The dilemmas are composed of specific hypothetical situations, followed by questions that would stimulate the readers moral capacity and analytic powers. A specific hypothetical situation is a scenario which is imagined but may not be true.
For example, in dilemma six, a situation is presented of two brothers who got into trouble. To save themselves, they both needed 1000 dollars. The first resorted to outright theft, while the second resorted to telling a convincing lie to an old man to evoke his sympathy and get the money which he promised to pay later. A series of questions now follow to make the reader analyze his morals.
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