Merowak Missiles has developed its Democratizer Offensive Weapon System (DOWS) for the US military. After sinking $1 billion into R&D and design, it spent $0.5 billion building the tools and production facility that are unique to DOWS production. It houses these in standard factory floor space that costs $1 million. Each missile has a marginal cost of $2,000. The Pentagon is thinking of discontinuing the program because the missiles are too expensive. If Merowak were to get an order for 50,000 missiles, what would its breakeven price be?
To calculate relevant break even cost point we ignore all the sunk funds and fixed costs that have already been paid.
R&D funds of $1 billion
Tools of $0.5 billion
Factory of $1 million
None of these are the relevant or incremental costs and thus to calculate break even for this order, they will be avoided.
The Break even cost = 50,000 * 2000 = $100,000,000
We only account for the cost of producing each additional unit that is the Marginal Cost of $2,000/missile.
Hope that helps.
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Business, published 27.03.2023
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